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Self-employment

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Review your business idea

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Prepare a business plan

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Financing & public support

5

Business or liberal profession

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Legal structure

7

Taxes & Accounting

8

Company insurance

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Social insurance

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Networks & contacts

Self-employment

Before you decide to go self-employed, take an honest look at your strengths and weaknesses! Weaknesses you recognize too late can be a serious threat to the success of your business. The better you know your strengths and weaknesses, the better you can design and plan your company in line with your real needs.
Are you really an entrepreneur?

Are you really an entrepreneur?

The most important part of any business or self-employment is… you, the person who runs the business! Do you have what it takes to be an entrepreneur? Can you stand up to the challenges and demands of self-employment?

Do you have the necessary professional and commercial qualifications?

Do you have the necessary professional and commercial qualifications?

Can you fill any gaps in your professional or commercial qualifications with further training, with business partners or with your network?

Do you have the support of family and friends?

Do you have the support of family and friends?

Do the people around you (family, friends, partner etc.) support what you plan to do? Be realistic in your assessment: Experience shows that self-employment takes a lot of time and dedication.

Here you can find some tests to help you do a self-assessment:

Business start-up portal of the

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs (BMWi)

www.existenzgruender.de
Special Feature: Questions specifically for migrants <br> <br> Is your German good enough?

Special Feature: Questions specifically for migrants

Is your German good enough?

To be successful on the German market, it is extremely important to have a good command of German. If your German is poor, it is almost impossible to communicate freely with customers and suppliers, but also with authorities and banks. All official documents published by the authorities are usually available only in German, for example. And the business plan you prepare for banks and business partners also has to be in German. Would you like to improve your German? Or do you need to start learning it as a beginner? Take advantage of the language courses on offer!

Specific support services

Start-up program for refugees and migrants

The Human Safety Net

muenchen.socialimpactlab.eu

More information and details of language courses:

City of Munich, IBZ Language and Vocationd Vocation

https://stadt.muenchen.de

Integreat App: Local information for Munich’s newcomers

integreat.app/muenchen

Integreat App: Find free German language practice meetups in Munich

integreat.app/muenchen

Do you have a valid residence permit that allows you to go self-employed?

Citizens of a member state of the European Union (EU) or an EFTA country (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), do not need a special permit to go selfemployed. Citizens of a non-EU or non-EFTA country will need to clarify
whether their residence status/permit entitles them to go self-employed. If not, they must apply to the Foreigners Office for an additional permit. Please note: If the residence permit bears the words “Erwerbstätigkeit gestattet” (“Employment permitted”), or “Niederlassungserlaubnis” a special additional permit is not required.

For more details of your residence status and information about applying for a license to go self-employed, please go here:

City of Munich, Department of Public Order
Foreigners Office

www.muenchen.de

Migrant Economy Unit
(many languages available)

www.ihk-muenchen.de

Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) for Munich

www.ihk-muenchen.de

Do you need official recognition of (higher) education certificate/professional qualifications from abroad?

Find out whether you need official recognition, who is responsible for providing it and how the recognition process works.

Information on the recognition of certificates of higher education:

City of Munich, Social Services Department

www.muenchen.de/rathaus

Info portal on the recognition of foreign certificates of education

www.anabin.kmk.org

Information on the recognition of professional qualifications:

Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IHK) for Munich

www.ihk-muenchen.de

Chamber of Skilled Crafts for Munich

www.hwk-muenchen.de

Info portal for the recognition of foreign professional qualifications

www.anerkennung-in-deutschland.de

Information on the recognition of certificates of school education:

Bavarian Ministry of Education and
Culture, Certificate Recognition Department
[Zeugnisanerkennungsstelle]

www.km.bayern.de